Parking areas in complex buildings are the first point of contact with users: How can we design parking areas to accommodate for demand and comfort expectations?
Parking traffic engineering and design is aimed principally to measure the circulation and traffic system performance inside complex parking areas and structures. The success of the parking system efficiency has proven to be integral to the success of any development as it contributes significantly to customers’/ users’ experience and satisfaction.
The dedicated and specialized teams work mainly to: verify design effectiveness of parking areas inside complex buildings and independent parking structures; carry out complex parking demand computations for estimating the need for parking places beyond the strict statutory requirements; model and simulate vehicular and pedestrian traffic inside complex parking structures for highlighting congestion situations and capacity shortfall at entry/exit gates and portals, and; provide detailed indications regarding system dimensioning and shortfalls as well as layout efficiency. Parking structures are studied and designed to meet best international practices and standards, with a special focus on LEED Certifications guidelines. Furthermore, spatial verifications are undertaken to grant adequate safety levels in terms of visibility, especially in parking structures where pillars and similar structural elements obstruct vision and lead to unsafe conditions for both pedestrians and vehicles.
Analysing user behaviour in parking areas of complex buildings is a key step for improving experience and ultimately designing better ones.
What are the benefits of a pedestrian flow studies inside complex buildings?
The benefits of pedestrian flow studies inside complex buildings are numerous, however can be summarized in two main points:  Improving comfort and safety and  unveiling the potentials of footfall redistribution.  Comfort and Safety: The main objective of the pedestrian flow analysis is to measure both physical and psychological parametres as a result of the project characteristics and spatial specificities. Therefore, comfort conditions (density) is measured and space utilization are visually represented and mapped with the ultimate aim of establishing a baseline condition according to which the effectiveness of measures or layout modifications are quantified and evaluated.
 Footfall Potentials: Footfall in many contexts is not simply a burden but a valuable asset. Think of big shopping center, stadia, train stations, airports, etc. These places are increasingly looking for ways to increase the benefit of human flows through a capture mechanism that generates benefits for other functions. With this in mind, mapping pedestrian flows in advance as a result of the Project’s spatial configuration, distribution of functions and people’s behavior in that specific context turns into an optimal design tool that allows for comparing different scenarios and extracting performance indicators which in turn become a handy design tool for all stakeholders.
What is the role of Vertical Transportation studies in complex buildings?
Vertical transportation plays a key-role in high-rise buildings’ functionality and success, reason for which vertical transport studies is an integral part to the multifaceted planning and design processes of every type of high-rise and complex buildings, including retail, commercial, residential, hotels, hospitals, transport terminals and mixed-use developments. Properly designed vertical transport systems help creating attractive, successful and safe buildings, hence improving the experience and comfort of building users. From the investors’ point of view, vertical transport study appears even more fundamental since the efficiency of a core and shell building and its functionality and performance (elevators, escalators, etc.) can impact significantly the building’s attractiveness and profitability.